Did you know that skin damage can happen even in the cold winter months? Check this out from www.skincancer.org:
“It’s easy to associate winter with frostbite and windburn, but most people are unaware that UV rays can be every bit as damaging on the slopes as on the beach,” said Perry Robins, MD, President, The Skin Cancer Foundation. “With the winter sports season ahead of us, it’s more important than ever to take proper precautions on the slopes.”
The top 3 skin destroyers you need to know about:
#1 – Free Radicals
UV exposure is the main contributor to premature aging and http://www.dermatology.com goes as far as to say this- “UV radiation is one of the major creators of free radicals. Free-radicals are unstable oxygen molecules that have only one electron instead of two. Because electrons are found in pairs, the molecule must scavenge other molecules for another electron. When the second molecule looses its electron to the first molecule, it must then find another electron repeating the process. This process can damage cell function and alter genetic material. Free radical damage causes wrinkles by activating the metalloproteinases that break down collagen (see #3). They cause cancer by changing the genetic material, RNA and DNA, of the cell.
#2 – Glycation
“When you have sugar molecules in your system, they bombard the body’s cells like a meteor shower—glomming onto fats and proteins in a process known as glycation. This forms advanced glycation end products (commonly shortened, appropriately, to AGEs), which cause protein fibers to become stiff and malformed…The proteins in skin most prone to glycation are the same ones that make a youthful complexion so plump and springy—collagen and elastin. When those proteins hook up with renegade sugars, they become discolored, weak, and less supple; this shows up on the skin’s surface as wrinkles, sagginess, and a loss of radiance. The presence of AGEs also makes the complexion more vulnerable to bad-news assailants such as UV light and cigarette smoke.” www.Elle.com
When dealing with glycated skin conditions, it is essential to remember that the skin needs products that have anti-inflammatory ingredients and that will hydrate the compromised cellular structure of the dermis.
# 3 – MMPS: Collagen-eating enzymes
Enzymes activated by inflammation, often caused by UV exposure, MMPs (Matrix metalloproteinases) destroys the skins support structure which leads to sagging skin, lines and wrinkles. MMPs help to keep collagen levels in balance, without these enzymes damaged collagen and elastin would accumulate and lead to skin blemishes.